WHAT IS THE BJJ ?
Brazilian Ju-Jitsu. abbreviated in the English language acronym BJJ (Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu), it is a martial art, a combat sport and a method of personal defense specialized in fighting and in particular in that on the ground. It should not be confused with its Japanese predecessor Jū Jutsu, from which it draws its origins (especially from the branch of Judo), but from which it differs for having been able to develop in an extremely effective way all the part inherent to the fight against land. BJJ practitioners have dominated for years, and still today, the scenario of MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) meetings where the most valiant fighters, coming from the most varied martial arts, competed in the most important and prestigious world championship called UFC, for determine who was number 1 in the world.
The discipline was born as an appendix of the kodokan jūdō in the twenties of the twentieth century, when the master Mitsuyo Maeda taught the fundamentals of ground wrestling (ne-waza) to students such as Carlos Gracie and Luis França. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu then became an art in its own right through experiments, practice and adaptations of the master Hélio Gracie and his brother Carlos, who then passed on their experience to their family and their students.
Discipline teaches as its foundation that a smaller and weaker person can successfully defend themselves against a larger and stronger assailant by bringing the fight to the ground where they will use appropriate techniques such as levers, joint keys and strangulations. Training in Brazilian jiu-jitsu is mainly practiced with the kimono (gi) but in recent years the kimono-free style (no-gi) has also developed a lot, which is almost identical to the sport of grappling and more useful for athletes of MMA (mixed martial arts). The practice of sparring (commonly called rolling) and training sessions with confrontation with an uncooperative opponent play a greater role in training, and performance is rewarded, especially during competitions, in relation to progress through grades / belts.
Since its inception in 1914, the ascendant art of judo was separated from the older systems of Japanese jujutsu by an important difference transmitted to Brazilian jiu-jitsu: it is not only a martial art but also a sport, a method to promote the development of the body and character in young people, and, finally, a way (Dō) of life.
IBJJF - International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation.
The International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation (IBJJF) is a for-profit company that hosts several of the biggest Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) tournaments in the world, including the World Jiu-Jitsu Championship, World No-Gi Championship, Pan Jiu-Jitsu Championship, and European Open Jiu-Jitsu Championship. The federation was created by Carlos Gracie, Jr., who is the head of one of the largest Brazilian jiu-jitsu associations, Gracie Barra. The IBJJF uses the rule set of the Confederação Brasileira de Jiu-Jitsu.