WHAT IS THE GRAPPLING ? Submission Wrestling, also called grappling or submission grappling, is a style of wrestling in which the aim is to bring the opponent to the ground and force him to surrender with a submission technique (strangulation, joint levers or painful pressure). The English word grappling ("clinging", "fighting hand to hand") is a generic term used in Anglo-Saxon countries, essentially, to describe the struggle in all its components. In the circuits of MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) this term refers to the part of hand-to-hand combat, both standing and on the ground, which is distinguished as the "grappling phase". In a broad sense, the term "grappling" is used for the struggle including submission techniques or in any case the part of the struggle concerning submission and what is connected to reach it.
Grappling is mainly made up of different fighting styles including Catch Wrestling, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Luta Livre, Judo, Free Wrestling and Greco-Roman wrestling.
ADCC - Submission Wrestling World Championship.
The ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship is an international submission grappling competition organized by the Abu Dhabi Combat Club in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Some of the best athletes of different disciplines and combat sports are involved in the tournament, which involve the use of submission techniques.
THE HISTORY OF THE GRAPPLING History. The art of fighting has a thousand-year history. The fight has become popular in cultures as diverse as Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, India and China. Archaeological finds show scenes of struggle with submission dating back to the period of the ancient Egyptian empire and in ancient Greece the discipline of the fight provided a style in which victory was achieved with the submission of the opponent.
Over the centuries many styles of grappling have developed, such as catch wrestling in the 18th century in Lancashire, or Brazilian jiu jitsu in the 20s of the 20th century in Brazil. They can be considered the most direct parents of grappling. Catch wrestling was very popular in the US during the last years of the nineteenth century and the early years of the twentieth century. This style, born from Lancashire wrestling and developed in "rough & tumble" matches without rules, has English roots but was actually born in the United States thanks to the arrival of the British colonists. Catch wrestling sports matches took place in a ring and lasted until a fighter subdued or pinned his opponent. Catch wrestling is also considered the precursor of modern MMA fights and many techniques used in wrestling were also drawn from it. Also the Brazilian luta livre (a discipline very similar to Brazilian jiu jitsu but practiced exclusively without kimono) conceived by Euclydes Hatem derives from catch wrestling. Brazilian jiu jitsu popularized the art of submission again in the 1990s by focusing primarily on ground combat. The discipline was born in Brazil thanks to Helio Gracie and is an evolution of the teachings of Mitsuyo Maeda, an expert Japanese judoka and member of the Kōdōkan of Kanō Jigorō, who moved to Brazil in 1914.
Since the 1990s, MMAs have contributed to the popularity of submission wrestling styles. Following the experience of these meetings, in which often the resolution of the match took place due to a submission during the fight on the ground, there was therefore a need to recognize and regulate at an official and international level that type of fight that poses emphasis on ground combat without gi.
In 2003, the International Submission Wrestling Association (ISWA) was formed to develop and manage grappling internationally. ISWA was founded by Jason Townsend, Chris Carlino, Arthur Barker, Will Townsend, Shane Racine and Nathan Ross. The founding members spent three years rehearsing and developing the sporting rules of the current sport of grappling before the International Federation of Associated Wrestling adopted them in 2006. By joining FILA, ISWA became the World Grappling Committee (CMG) and consequently Jason Townsend was appointed a member of this committee. Jean-Francois Court of France has been appointed as Executive Director. The International Federation of Associated Wrestling (now United World Wrestling) has thus recognized grappling among its official disciplines and has created a competition regulation that allows grappling to be one of the best wrestling disciplines for approaching MMA and for self-defense. . An attempt was made to create a discipline with a regulation that is as simple as possible but at the same time complete and with the most permissive regulation. Grappling is therefore one of the most effective fighting styles in real combat precisely because it brings together the most effective techniques of all fighting styles. Wrestling techniques are used to bring the opponent to the ground and BJJ No-Gi, Brazilian luta livre and catch wrestling in ground combat.
Carlos Gracie - Brazilian Jiu Jitsu co-founder
In sporting competitions, grapplers wear shorts and a tight fitting shirt (rash guard) in the Grappling No-Gi style and the kimono in the Grappling Gi style. The duration of a grappling match for the senior category is 5 minutes.
In Italy, Grappling is a sport recognized by CONI and under the competence of FIJLKAM which, however, delegates its management to FIGMMA (Italian Federation of Grappling MMA).
The FIGMMA, at the Palafijlkam in Ostia, organized the 1st Italian championship of the discipline on 6 July 2008 and the 1st Italian Cup on 16 November 2008. The 1st world championship took place in Lucerne (Switzerland) on 20 and 21 December 2008. The 2nd World Championship took place in Fort Lauderdale (USA) on 12 and 13 December 2009. The 3rd World Championship took place in Krakow (Poland) on 26 and 27 March 2010.
At the international level, the reference Federations of this discipline are the United World Wrestling (the International Federation recognized by the IOC that manages all fighting styles, both Olympic and non-Olympic) and the ADCC Submission Fighting Federation..
Renzo Gracie to right
The programs and regulations of the GRAPPLING. (For the programs and regulations of the Grappling, the WKLF refers to the relevant international Federations)