Select language: History of the KRAV MAGA  

Krav Maga is a fighting method originated in Jewish circles in Central and Eastern Europe in the first half of the twentieth century the word Krav Maga, in modern Hebrew, literally means "contact combat." The most widely used translation is still "close combat". Although it is often referred to as a fighting style aimed at self-defense, in fact the Krav Maga has a component that often includes offensive to attack the enemy before being attacked, so it is not purely self-defense understood as a reaction to aggression .


Krav Maga was created from the work of synthesis of Imi Lichtenfeld indication of the Israeli army. In the early 50's, parallel to the birth of the state of Israel, Lichtenfeld was asked to develop an efficient way of fighting but quick to learn, in order to train the fledgling Israeli armed forces, now engaged in a fierce struggle.

The experience of Lichtenfeld heavily influenced the style and philosophy of Krav Maga. Great gymnast, boxer and champion of wrestling, the theoretical base added a great experience of street fighting, gained a youth spent in the fight for life in the streets of Bratislava occupied by the Germans.


Krav Maga is a "fighting technique" simple and practical (who teaches prefer not to call it "martial art"). In fact it is born to be learned in a short time and be used in a context of war. Krav Maga favors an offensive approach that characterizes this combat system. If other traditional martial arts, especially of an oriental, tend to associate in addition to teaching the techniques a philosophical and spiritual, Krav Maga meets criteria such as military effectiveness and the speed with which you get the desired result, that is the neutralization of the opponent.

Where often many martial arts (including also those from which the Krav Maga has drawn, such as Judo, Ju-Jitsu, Kung-fu, etc ...) favor an approach that leaves your opponent wait the first move, Krav Maga points to a rapid neutralization of the opponent before they can become a threat. He was born as a program of accelerated training for the soldiers of the state of Israel. Designed by Imirich Lictenfeld, the krav-maga is a harmonious combination of techniques derived from martial arts, fighting systems from bare hands and the methods of Close Combat of Major Firebairn, a mix of open-hand strikes aimed at sensitive points such as nose and throat, punches style boxing, levers limbs of Judo and Ju-Jitsu, and kicks and knees typical of Thai Boxing (Muay Thai or).

The sensitive points are of three categories:

  • 1st Category - procure irreversible damage
  • 2nd Category - procure fractures, lacerations and KO
  • 3rd Category - procure pain without K.O.

Sensitive points in the front part of the body and its category:

  • Eyes (1st cat.)
  • Temple (1st cat.)
  • Atlas (1st cat.)
  • Gorge (1st / 2nd cat.)
  • Genitals (1 st / 2 nd cat.)
  • Solar plexus (1 \ 2 \ 3 Cat.)
  • Front (2nd cat.)
  • Nose cartilage (3rd cat.)

Sensitive points in the lateral part of the body and its category:

  • Side of the neck (1 st / 2 nd cat.)
  • Knee (2nd cat.)
  • Liver (2nd cat.)
  • Reni (2nd cat.)
  • Quadriceps (3rd cat.)

Sensitive points in the rear part of the body and its category:

  • Cerebellum (1 Cat)
  • Achilles tendon (2nd \ 3rd ch.)

Head, neck and genitals belong to the 1st \ 2nd category and in combat are difficult to defend at the same time.

This approach is suitable for high-risk environments such as operating theaters Middle East, could be a source of problems in everyday situations: in fact, the aggressive approach and anticipatory could lead to complications of a criminal nature. For this reason, as part of civil defense, Krav Maga is taught by experienced instructors to be used only in extreme cases of danger to his life (street violence, attempted rape, assault with a deadly weapon, etc. ...) .

The classification of Krav Maga as a system of close combat (as well shows the translation of the name) is also evident in its lack of ability to be practiced as a sport competition. Focusing especially on areas of the body (genitals, carotid, eyes etc.), Normally considered untouchable for other contact sports, Krav Maga can hardly be practiced in sports, as with Karate, Tae Kwon Do and other combat sports. Unlike martial arts ritualize gestures Krav-Maga is a combat system pragmatic. Every gesture is essential, a direct blow to a sensitive point.

In addition, the great care that covers the preparation to face enemies armed with firearms such as pistols and rifles, to understand the high specificity of use of this combat system, where the clash between two opponents with his bare hands is only one of the possibilities.


What does the logo of Krav-maga?

Logo del Krav-maga

The Krav Maga logo consists of the letters K and M written in Hebrew, in an artistic way and combined to form the shape of the symbol. K and M are surrounded by an open circle because the system can always be improved by adding or deleting techniques, exercises and training techniques. Imi Lichtenfeld, the Grand Master of Krav Maga, said about the logo: "good things can continue to enter the system and rough things can get out of it."


Following the broadcast made ​​possible thanks to the first student of Imi Lichtenfeld, as well as in Israel, Krav Maga has spread in countries where there is a strong presence of Jewish communities and have developed solid channels of cooperation in military and intelligence.

This is the main schools of combat and the growth of these systems are located in the USA, Russia, France and Italy, all countries that have strong ties with Israel and the Jewish world. [Citation needed] Krav Maga is taught in the academies of the most famous secret service (Mossad, CIA, etc ...) and special police (like the FBI) with a more massive spread in Italy between the Police (State Police, Carabinieri, bodies local police, etc. ..), the elite military units until you get to security professionals and private security (ie bodyguards).

For a decade in this part of the Krav Maga has become a reality for ordinary citizens in self-defense (self defense), because the different federations and organizations that exist have scientifically researched and developed specific methods suitable for each individual, all sizes (men, women and children), which lend themselves to self-defense in any place and situation (on foot, by car, closed or open, etc ...).

Currently there is an international federation referred to by the individual and often various national federations. However, the absence of a proper school uniform with a related style, has given rise to many variations according to the influence of individual teachers in different countries.


degrees and belts in Italy

In Italy we are seeing recently the use of seat belts (as you do in Judo, Karate or Ju-Jitsu) in order to distinguish older students and experienced by the students in the grass. The distinction then it has in the following way:

  • belt WHITE
  • Yellow belt
  • ORANGE belt
  • Green belt
  • belt BLUE
  • belt BROWN
  • belt BLACK

Usually in Stage and lessons with teachers outside the dojo, do not use the seat belts except for teachers (with black belt). Once achieved the black belt you may face an examination to enable the teaching of Krav Maga.





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