Kapap Lotar is the official combat system of the Israeli Special Forces; it is considered by experts in the field to be the most complete and effective combat system; it is composed of a combination of several fighting styles such as: boxing, kick boxing, muay thai, judo, ju jitsu, bjj, kyusho, silat, kali, krav maga, British military knife and stick training; combined with military and police operational techniques and tactics, Israeli operational shooting, CQB (Close Quarter Battle, indoor combat), counter-terrorism, survival and basic tactical medicine. It focuses mainly on fighting with bare hands against each of these weapons and specifically also in-depth study of the same.
The Kapap Lotar adapts perfectly to any type of combat which in its "acyclicality" and "situation" allows the fighter to overcome any kind of adversity and prepares him for almost all possible situations and scenarios.
Kapap Lotar is neither a sport nor is competitive sport contemplated; it's not even a martial art.
Kapap Lotar is a complete method of understanding personal defense. Kapap Lotar's warrior is a fast, precise and deadly fighting machine.
Kapap Lotar is a rapid learning system because it is based on human instincts. The techniques follow what are natural instincts and automatic reactions in situations of high stress; for this reason it adapts to everyone: children, adolescents, adults, and in the completeness of its programs it is the preparation par excellence of policemen, soldiers, security man and bodyguards. Each group must follow and master a specific program.
Whoever learns the Kapap Lotar is not a fighter (competitive fighter); he is literally a warrior (man of war).
It is prepared for all situations and against any kind of weapon. He will be able to defend if and whoever is next to him in any circumstances, he will also be able to recognize and use any type of firearm with an extraordinary ability.
The Kapap Lotar began to be popularized outside Israel in 1999, with care and divided into very specific programs. This happened because traditional martial arts now taught and teach only and exclusively the "way of competition" and self-defense was only a surrogate of the kata. The Kapap Lotar has come back to light after today's terrible and high security needs, a real self defense. Kapap Lotar instructors in Israel today train the IDF. (Israel Defense Forces), the Yamam and Shabak, practically the first operational departments.
Palmach soldiers in baton fighting training
THE HISTORY OF THE KAPAP LOTAR The history of a people. Whatever their origins, Byzantine, Arab or Ottoman, the Jewish people have always been in conflict with foreign powers since the Roman Empire. The Jewish people created an occult combat unit called "Haganah", or Defense in Hebrew. This was to respond to threats and attacks from organized Arab gangs. This unity was created well before the proclamation of the Jewish state announced by the British on the occasion of the Balfour declaration (02/11/1917). As a consequence of the declaration, the colonial authority empowered the local police to form elite police units, to defend the external interests and colonies of isolated farmers against Arab-based attackers. This unit also ensured the maintenance of order in the cities, in order to avoid civil conflicts. The actions of this police unit were however limited as it was necessary to chase the opponent behind the enemy lines. So it was that Izchak Sade, founder of the Israeli Special Forces and officer in the "Haganah", after analyzing the weak points of this unit, then formed new armed units to respond to new challenges, and infiltrate the enemy's lines.
When World War II prompted the British again, the need for a reliable fuel source became crucial. However, this flow was threatened by German troops advancing towards East North Africa and by numerous Arab tribes openly allied to the Nazis. Hesitating on departure, the British turned again to Israeli fighters and formed the first units of the Israeli Special Forces on May 14, 1941. They were known under the name of "Pal'mach" (short for Plugot Machatz, action and combat). This is how the "Haganah" acquired an official, recognized identity and was renamed "Tzava Haganah Le’ Yisraël ", or I.D.F. : the Israeli Defense Forces. The newly formed United Nations knew that it was only a matter of time before a war affected the region. This is because the UN authorities decided on the division of borders: a Jewish state on the western side of the Jordan, and an Arab state on the eastern side (present-day Jordan). Following the departure of the British from the region, the Jewish authorities declared independence on May 14, 1948. A few hours later, the forces of Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Egypt, Syria and Palestine attacked the young man State of Israel.
Haganah soldiers in the knife fighting training
The main challenge related to the security and defense of the new Jewish state, the will to survive generated one of the most respected armies in the world, both for its professionalism and for its methodologies. This was how they developed a combat formation, the "Kapap", from which the commandos of the "Pal'mach" unit were the first to benefit. The "Kapap" (acronym for "Krav Panim I’ Panim ") actually designates an elite commando formation, doubled with a formation of clandestine agents. It was focused on learning combat shooting techniques, a foreign language course, on explosives, communications, and on the acquisition of operational techniques. A formidable training on survival and combat with bare hands or with weapons, came to perfect the whole. The bare-handed combat was a combination of Eastern and Western fighting techniques such as English boxing, Greco-Roman wrestling and techniques derived from Major W.E.'s Close Combat. Fairbairn. Thus, the word "Kapap" defined both the training and the combat system and designated the entirety of the elite commando training program.
Palmach soldiers in shooting training
The term "Lotar" was added later with the advent of terrorist attacks, and can be translated as "fight against terror" or as "counter-terrorism"; actually the term "LOTAR" derives from the acronym of the Israeli counter-terrorism school "Lochama Be'Terror". Lotar is a varied counter-terrorism program for IDF soldiers run by IDF military experts.
The program includes four specializations:
2- General counter-terrorism,
3- Underground and special combat,
Robotics, climbing, rappelling, rescue, and passage are all taught to students in the underground and special fighting program. Students of the general counter-terrorism program are trained to cope with hostage and active shooters, and special soldiers called "Monkeys" are taught to handle risky operations at high altitudes. Each training program takes between two and seventeen months to complete, while specialist "Monkeys" training takes longer.
The YAMAM (Special Forces of Israel Border Police) - Hostage Rescue Training in Bus, 1970.
Subsequently, while Krav Maga quickly spread as a basic melee training method for all the Armed Forces (IDF), the more sophisticated and complete KAPAP remained the preserve of the Special Forces and the IDF (such as Sayeret Matkal or Sayeret Egoz), which of the Special Police Units (Yamam, equivalent to the Swat USA).
The programs and regulations of the KAPAP LOTAR. (The programs and regulations are in Italian language... to be available soon in English language...)
More to know about KAPAP LOTAR: articles, news, photos, videos...
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN KAPAP LOTAR AND KRAV MAGA Historical differences. Originally Krav Maga was the exclusive melee basic training for the Israeli infantry military, while the Kapap Lotar, more complex and complete, was the exclusive preserve of the Israeli special units. Subsequently, following the imminent need for defense against terrorist attacks, Krav Maga was also taught to Israeli civilians as a method of personal defense. Finally, with the new millennium, Krav Maga, through some Israeli instructors, spread all over the world. As a result, the Kapap Lotar also began to spread out of Israel among civilians around the world through some Israeli Instructors who had been part of the Israeli special departments, although this spread still remains much slower today compared to Krav Maga.
In practice the Krav Maga. In practice, only "street survival" is taught in Krav Maga courses; the focus is not on fighting, as it can be on a combat sport or martial art, but on defending oneself from a possible aggressor and moving away from danger. So the techniques that are taught are mainly defensive apt to drive the attacker away, hitting him in sensitive points such as genitals, eyes, throat, etc. so as to free oneself and run away; this is because, as previously explained. the ultimate goal is only to "bring the skin home". Regarding weapons in Krav Maga only defense against attacks or threats from them are taught (for example: defense against stick attack, threat or knife attack, threat from firearms), but it is not taught as it happens in Kapap Lotar also the use of these weapons (for example: stick-to-stick combat, knife against knife, shooting with firearms).
Imi lichtenfeld - Founder of the Krav Maga
In practice the Kapap Lotar. The Kapap Lotar courses teach both the "street survival" techniques typical of Krav Maga (although many techniques are adapted in the Kapap Lotar and are of greater number), and the basics of more effective combat sports, such as BOXING, Kick Boxing, Thai Boxing, MMA, Free Fight, Grappling, BJJ, Judo, as well as martial arts such as Ju Jitsu, Kyusho Jitsu, Silat and Kali, the latter regarding stick-to-stick combat, and knife against knife. At a more advanced level, you receive training in firearms, Israeli operational shooting and the Israeli CQB (Close Quarter Battle). Up to the Instructor degrees where police operational techniques are also taught, survival in hostile environments (survival) and military and counter-terrorism operational techniques.
Haganah soldiers in the Kapap training, knife fighting