WHAT IS THE KICK BOXING ? Kick Boxing (or kickboxing) is a combat sport of Japanese origin, then spread to the USA, which combines the typical kicking techniques of oriental martial arts with punch punches typical of boxing. Kick Boxing currently consists of five specialties: Semi-Contact, Light Contact, Full Contact, Low Kick, K-1.
The Semi Contact is a direct inheritance of the Karate competition where the fight is interrupted whenever the athlete manages to place a shot at a useful target. The two opponents face each other on a tatami in one, two or three rounds (depending on the type and importance of the tournament) wearing hand and foot protectors. Compared to Karate the novelty is that the strokes must be brought into contact but also receive different scores according to the technique achieved. Kicks to the face and skipped shots, notoriously more difficult to score, are thus encouraged to the advantage of the dynamism and spectacularity of the match. Whoever scores the most points at the end of shooting wins the match.
Light Contact is the intermediate step to get to full contact combat. The two opponents face each other on a tatami, exchanging blows without interruption in a flow of techniques always judged according to the criterion of the technique achieved with precision. Here, too, the technique reaches its mark without expressing all its power.
Full Contact is a full contact kick boxing discipline in which the athlete's aim is to hit his opponent with strength and decision. The punches and kicks must arrive at the permitted target with precision, speed and determination. It is allowed to punch and / or kick the front and side of the head and body (above the belt), and it is also allowed to sweep the opponent. The match takes place in a ring. Each athlete must always have their SPORT PASS and the annual medical examinations for agonists to show at the time of weighing.
Low Kick is a full contact kick boxing discipline in which, unlike Full Contact, it is possible to attack the opponent's thighs with circular kick techniques. The athlete's aim is to hit his antagonist with strength and determination. The punches and kicks must arrive at the permitted target with precision, speed and determination. Each technique is worth one point. The match takes place in a ring. Each athlete must always have their SPORT PASS and the annual medical examinations for agonists to show at the time of weighing.
The K-1 Rules derives directly from Japanese kickboxing which, most likely, derives from the ancient martial arts of the Siamese tradition such as Muay Thai. In the K-1 discipline, compared to the younger sister Low Kick, it is also allowed to bring the knees and hit the legs in all its parts and with any type of kick. The "clinch" is allowed, but it is limited only to its active phase in which it is possible to make grips and grab the opponent's neck with both hands for a time not exceeding 5 seconds, in order to attack the opponent exclusively with knee or kick techniques. Each technique is worth one point. The match takes place in a ring. Each athlete must always have their SPORT PASS and the annual medical examinations for agonists to show at the time of weighing.
THE HISTORY OF THE KICK BOXING The birth of Kick Boxing Around the 70s in America, thanks to Martial Arts films and the myth of Bruce Lee, there were many Karate and Kung Fu gyms. But once the initial frenzy ended, people began to get annoyed with these traditional martial arts that did not allow full contact, and that required total control of the blows, plus the precision and cleanliness of the techniques. The Americans, megalomaniac people, who for years had known the "Noble Art" in which they were absolute rulers, were in fact accustomed to bloody, real and spectacular fights like those of Boxing. What did some prominent Karate personalities like Mike Anderson, Don Quine and Judy Quine do at the time: they founded P.K.A. (Professional Karate Association).
In origin was the Karate Full Contact.
This new organization created a new discipline calling it "Karate Full Contact", that is to say, Karate in full contact. The same rules of boxing were adopted (KO or OKT) and the same protections such as gloves with the addition of shell and foot guard. The pioneers of this discipline were in order: Joe Lewis, Bill Wallance and Jeff Smith who became the first three world champions of this new discipline.
On October 1, 1975, Bill Wallace, Joe Lewis and Jeff Smith
What decisive happened next?
The Karate federations rose up against this new discipline as they did not accept the use of the term Karate for a discipline that by now had very little Karate.
This is for three main reasons:
Because traditional Karate is synonymous, as we said before, with strength control and therefore cannot be in full contact.
Karate apart from kicks there is very little in "Karate Full Contact", since Karatecas having to face in a full contact fight preferred to use boxing techniques, and not Karate ones, because obviously they were more effective in a fight. brutal like the one in the ring.
Finally, and not least, the term "Karate" literally means "With bare hands"; therefore in practice incompatible with the use of boxing gloves.
The born of the WAKO.
So the PKA, which in the meantime had turned into WAKO (World Association of all style Karate Organization) and had created a sort of mixed martial art, to avoid the big political-sporting problems that arose, replaced the word "Karate" with the word "Kick Boxing" thus maintaining the same acronym WAKO (World Association Kickboxing Organization) and renaming its discipline from "Karate Full Contact" to "Kick Boxing". The latter name was chosen because it immediately gave an idea of what the practitioners of this discipline were doing, that is, boxing and kicking.
However, initially the name kick Boxing remained a term of convention, while the style continues to be called "Full Contact" obviously without the word Karate.
The born of the Semi Contact and Light Contact.
From Full Contact two variants were born, the Semi Contact and the Light Contact, both with controlled and light contact, therefore much less bloody than the Full.
In the following years, as you can already guess, the term Kick Boxing became a generic term to identify the discipline, and Semi Contact, Light Contact and Full Contact became his Specialties.
The great merits of Americans.
Full Contact (or American Boxing) spread quickly throughout America and also in Europe, and this happened for various reasons:
The great similarity with BOXE which has already been popular all over the world for centuries.
The great organizational capacity of Americans in promoting sporting events and all that is business.
The great media power of the Americans.
The lower level of danger compared to Asian cousins such as Thai Boxing and Japanese Kick Boxing in which it hits all parts of the body (excluding genitals and neck); in fact in Full Contact the shots can only be carried from the belt up.
What were the difficulties of the W.A.K.O.?
The main difficulty of the W.A.K.O. it was precisely in the expansion of the discipline worldwide. To truly consider itself a worldwide organization it had to have its roots also in the East where, however, the Full Contact was "badly digested" for the simple fact that it did not include blows to the legs as in the already consolidated oriental disciplines such as the Thai Boxing and Japanese Kickboxing ..
The born of the Low Kick and K-1
Thus the W.A.K.O. she was forced to insert a new specialty: the "Low Kick", which included the use of the deadly low kick; only in this way has it managed to extend its presence over most of the globe.
Subsequently to the Low Kick the last specialty called "K1 Rules" was also inserted following in the footsteps of the enormous success of the most famous Japanese martial arts tournament "K-1" that we all know; but that's another story. If you want we will tell you in the following paragraph.
RULES(The programs and regulations are in Italian language... to be available soon in English language...)
In those years the Japanese had suffered countless defeats in the Thailand rings by the terrifying Thai Boxers (Thai boxers). These famous for their fighting style (Muay Thai) bloody and at the same time effective for the techniques brought to full power such as: punches, kicks, knees, elbows, clinches (grabbed in the neck in hand to hand) and ground throws. Real warriors conditioned beyond belief in body and spirit (Bone conditioning, especially of shins and elbows, and muscle conditioning). Indestructible and very dangerous fighters, both in battle and in the ring, undefeated in their discipline for centuries.
In Japan, on the other hand, until the 1960s, KARATE KYOKUSHIN was in fashion, a style of Karate Full Contact that had spread to Japan since 1946 thanks to the fact that being in full contact made the encounters more captivating than traditional Karate without contact or controlled contact.
Well. Having said that let's understand what happened ...
We said that in 1960 Japanese Kick Boxing was born, and it was born from that terrible disappointment against the Thais. The Japanese realized that their Karate was ineffective against Thai techniques and above all against a technique in particular of low kick to the legs, devastating if achieved. Low Cacio which today is commonly called with the name of "Low Kick" (ie low kick). It is probably the simplest cheese (at least in appearance), but at the same time the most effective and devastating that has ever been seen in all martial arts in the world. The Japanese therefore found themselves unprepared to face this terrible type of kick since in Karate, as well as in most martial arts, you hit from the waist up and not in the legs.
I then realized the Thai superiority, what do you think the Japanese did ???
You guessed it!
They imported the deadly Low Kick into their technical background and created a new discipline calling it precisely: KICK BOXING.
In other words.
In other words, in essence they had learned the deadly techniques of low kick, because, as we said before, they were easy to learn, and they had removed the strongest and most difficult to learn weapons of Muay Thai and that is the knees, the elbows and the clinch in which the Thais they were unsurpassed. That is, they had thus canceled the "technical gap" (ie the Thai technical superiority due to centuries of experience), leading the fight to a fight of boxing and kicking. In this way they thought of being able to balance the score and therefore having more chances to recover from the numerous defeats suffered. But this was not the case.
In fact, as was to be expected, the Thais did not agree to compete in this new Japanese discipline called Kick Boxing, which to their eyes appeared only as a castrated Muay Thai, and remained in their national sport in their homeland.
The great merits of the Japanese:
On the other hand, the Japanese had made their Kick boxing an unstoppable event until it reached its peak with the invention of the most prestigious martial arts tournament in the world known with the name of K-1 and precisely called K-1. World Grand Prix (heavyweight category). Tournament born with the aim of comparing different disciplines on a ring using the rules of Kick Boxing and adding the use of knees. This tournament that today reaches the same, if not greater, visibility than Boxing, thanks also to the immense sums of money at stake. So much so that the same Thais who in the past, as explained above, did not accept Kick Boxing, today are almost always among the finalists of the K-1 World MAX (middleweight category).