WHAT IS THE KRAV MAGA ? Krav Maga is currently the method of combat used by the IDF (Israel Defense Forces), the most devastating and effective ever devised by man. Born in Israel by Imi Lichtenfeld Israeli Army Chief Instructor and then spread rapidly around the world due to its effectiveness and quick learning.
Israeli forces are internationally known with the acronym that IDF Israel Defense Forces (IDF of Israel). Those IDF are considered among the armed forces of the highest quality, representative training and operating in the world. The strong economic investments in the sector of Defense of the State of Israel have also allowed the development and acquisition of weapon systems and military equipment of the most modern and efficient existing at international level.
Today almost all the intelligence agencies, military units, law enforcement, security professionals, etc.. adopt the Israeli Krav Maga fighting system.
Krav Maga in recent decades has been especially adapted to the needs of defense road for civilians. Thus developing the method of self-defense world's most popular and that suits the needs of all types of people from men, women, children, the elderly, etc..
The essence of Krav Maga.
Krav Maga meets criteria such as military effectiveness and speed with which you get immediately to the neutralization of the opponent. And for this reason is banned everything superfluous, complicated, exhibition, "kata".
Krav Maga takes only the best from traditional martial arts such as:
- Punches and kicks of Kick Boxing
- Knees, elbows and Muay Thai clinch
- The projections of Judo
- Joint locks of Ju Jitsu
- Sensitive points of Kung Fu
Mixing, modifying and adapting everything to the specific needs of war and by road. The result is the most complete and devastating combat method adapted to military and civil defense personnel.
The 7 Secrets of KRAV MAGA:
The secret of Krav Maga is based on seven fundamental principles:
Unlike classical martial arts, Krav Maga is based on human instincts. The techniques of Krav Maga are specially built and follow what are the natural instincts of the body in high risk situations; this is because in a real situation of conflict, and therefore of high stress, we will only be instinct. Complex techniques that do not follow human instincts cannot be taught; it would take years and years of continuous practice to automate them and make them instinctive in a real situation. Maybe a master of classical martial arts after 30 years of practice can do it, but certainly not a soldier who after 6 months of training must go on a mission, and for example a woman after a few months in a class of martial arts.
Krav Maga is pure EFFECTIVENESS. In Krav Maga there are no competitions, rules, performances, shows, beauty in techniques, but only extreme effectiveness. Because if a technique is not extremely effective it can mean death. Effectiveness is all that is synonymous with: simplicity, instinct, essence, applicability to reality, explosiveness, reactivity, concreteness ...
Our two main beliefs are born from the concept of effectiveness:
1 - "The fighter who uses the most effective basic techniques is the one who generally wins". (by Giulio Colella)
2 - "One can know 1000 techniques, but very few are the ones that can be used successfully in the face of an opponent who is very aggressive and willing to harm us. (by Giulio Colella)
3 - "Knowing the technique is not enough, you have to be able to apply it on someone who is really able to resist you". (by Giulio Colella)
Krav Maga makes "explosive force" one of its strongest weapons. Training to respond immediately to a threat is the daily bread of a Krav Maga practitioner. You immediately get used to reacting immediately and to a rapid neutralization of the opponent before he can become a threat. So you get used to changing from victim to "attacker" in the fastest possible time.
DEFENCE / SIMULTANEOUS ATTACK
Krav Maga is not a martial art or a classic self-defense method, precisely because it does not have a wait-and-see style .. it does not expect property that someone attacks us to then defend itself and then go on the counterattack .. but it is anticipated, where possible , attacking the attacker by parrying and attacking simultaneously to eliminate the threat immediately, reducing the risk of suffering further attacks.
Krav Maga literally means "contact combat" and more commonly translated as "hand-to-hand combat". Closing the distance immediately with an attacker of any kind and with any weapon means not allowing him a second assault. Our attacker will never have a second chance.
Krav Maga makes those who practice it more confident, with greater self-esteem and above all with greater determination in their actions .. what the American Marines call "Action Violence" which does not mean being violent, but being determined and determined to "eliminate" the threat as quickly as possible. Self-confidence is the first weapon that a Krav Maga practitioner acquires from the first months of practice.
The Krav Maga is a training system based on reality, whether it is a context military, civil or police. The Krav Maga training is therefore a reproduction similar to reality. (go to website: www.realitytrainingsystem.com)
THE HISTORY OF THE KRAV MAGA The Krav Maga. Krav Maga is a fighting method originated in Jewish circles in Central and Eastern Europe in the first half of the twentieth century. The word Krav Maga, in modern Hebrew, literally means "contact combat.", even if the most used translation is still "close combat". Although it is often referred to as a fighting style aimed at self-defense, in fact the Krav Maga has a component that often includes offensive to attack the enemy before being attacked, so it is not purely self-defense understood as a reaction to aggression.
Krav Maga was created from the work of synthesis of Imi Lichtenfeld indication of the Israeli army. In the early 50's, parallel to the birth of the state of Israel, Lichtenfeld was asked to develop an efficient way of fighting but quick to learn, in order to train the fledgling Israeli armed forces, now engaged in a fierce struggle.
The experience of Lichtenfeld heavily influenced the style and philosophy of Krav Maga. Great gymnast, boxer and champion of wrestling, the theoretical base added a great experience of street fighting, gained a youth spent in the fight for life in the streets of Bratislava occupied by the Germans.
Krav Maga is a "fighting technique" simple and practical (who teaches prefer not to call it "martial art"). In fact it is born to be learned in a short time and be used in a context of war. Krav Maga favors an offensive approach that characterizes this combat system. If other traditional martial arts, especially of an oriental, tend to associate in addition to teaching the techniques a philosophical and spiritual, Krav Maga meets criteria such as military effectiveness and the speed with which you get the desired result, that is the neutralization of the opponent.
Where often many martial arts (including also those from which the Krav Maga has drawn, such as Judo, Ju-Jitsu, Kung-fu, etc ...) favor an approach that leaves your opponent wait the first move, Krav Maga points to a rapid neutralization of the opponent before they can become a threat. He was born as a program of accelerated training for the soldiers of the state of Israel. Designed by Imirich Lictenfeld, the krav-maga is a harmonious combination of techniques derived from martial arts, fighting systems from bare hands and the methods of Close Combat of Major Firebairn, a mix of open-hand strikes aimed at sensitive points such as nose and throat, punches style boxing, levers limbs of Judo and Ju-Jitsu, and kicks and knees typical of Thai Boxing (Muay Thai or).
The sensitive points are of three categories:
1st Category - procure irreversible damage
2nd Category - procure fractures, lacerations and KO
3rd Category - procure pain without K.O.
Sensitive points in the front part of the body and its category:
Eyes (1st cat.)
Temple (1st cat.)
Atlas (1st cat.)
Gorge (1st / 2nd cat.)
Genitals (1 st / 2 nd cat.)
Solar plexus (1 \ 2 \ 3 Cat.)
Front (2nd cat.)
Nose cartilage (3rd cat.)
Sensitive points in the lateral part of the body and its category:
Side of the neck (1 st / 2 nd cat.)
Knee (2nd cat.)
Liver (2nd cat.)
Reni (2nd cat.)
Quadriceps (3rd cat.)
Sensitive points in the rear part of the body and its category:
Head, neck and genitals belong to the 1st \ 2nd category and in combat are difficult to defend at the same time.
This approach is suitable for high-risk environments such as operating theaters Middle East, could be a source of problems in everyday situations: in fact, the aggressive approach and anticipatory could lead to complications of a criminal nature. For this reason, as part of civil defense, Krav Maga is taught by experienced instructors to be used only in extreme cases of danger to his life (street violence, attempted rape, assault with a deadly weapon, etc. ...).
The classification of Krav Maga as a system of close combat (as well shows the translation of the name) is also evident in its lack of ability to be practiced as a sport competition. Focusing especially on areas of the body (genitals, carotid, eyes etc.), Normally considered untouchable for other contact sports, Krav Maga can hardly be practiced in sports, as with Karate, Tae Kwon Do and other combat sports. Unlike martial arts ritualize gestures Krav-Maga is a combat system pragmatic. Every gesture is essential, a direct blow to a sensitive point.
In addition, the great care that covers the preparation to face enemies armed with firearms such as pistols and rifles, to understand the high specificity of use of this combat system, where the clash between two opponents with his bare hands is only one of the possibilities.
What does the logo of Krav-maga?
The Krav Maga logo consists of the letters K and M written in Hebrew, in an artistic way and combined to form the shape of the symbol. K and M are surrounded by an open circle because the system can always be improved by adding or deleting techniques, exercises and training techniques. Imi Lichtenfeld, the Grand Master of Krav Maga, said about the logo: "good things can continue to enter the system and rough things can get out of it".
Krav Maga logo
The diffusion of Krav-maga.
Following the broadcast made possible thanks to the first student of Imi Lichtenfeld, as well as in Israel, Krav Maga has spread in countries where there is a strong presence of Jewish communities and have developed solid channels of cooperation in military and intelligence.
This is the main schools of combat and the growth of these systems are located in the USA, Russia, France and Italy, all countries that have strong ties with Israel and the Jewish world. [Citation needed] Krav Maga is taught in the academies of the most famous secret service (Mossad, CIA, etc ...) and special police (like the FBI) with a more massive spread in Italy between the Police (State Police, Carabinieri, bodies local police, etc. ..), the elite military units until you get to security professionals and private security (ie bodyguards).
For a decade in this part of the Krav Maga has become a reality for ordinary citizens in self-defense (self defense), because the different federations and organizations that exist have scientifically researched and developed specific methods suitable for each individual, all sizes (men, women and children), which lend themselves to self-defense in any place and situation (on foot, by car, closed or open, etc ...).
Currently there is an international federation referred to by the individual and often various national federations. However, the absence of a proper school uniform with a related style, has given rise to many variations according to the influence of individual teachers in different countries.
The degrees and belts in Italy.
In Italy we are seeing recently the use of seat belts (as you do in Judo, Karate or Ju-Jitsu) in order to distinguish older students and experienced by the students in the grass. The distinction then it has in the following way:
Usually in Stage and lessons with teachers outside the dojo, do not use the seat belts except for teachers (with black belt). Once achieved the black belt you may face an examination to enable the teaching of Krav Maga.
Story of the founder Imi Lichtenfeld.
"I'll try to be so good that I won't need to kill"
Imre Emerich Lichtenfeld, also known as Imi also by the Hebrew name Imi Sde-Or (Budapest, 1910 - Netanya, January 9, 1998), was a Czechoslovakian athlete and soldier, known for being the founder of the Krav Maga method of combat and self-defense.
Imi was born in Budapest into a Jewish-Hungarian family and grew up in Bratislava (at the time called Pozsony). His father, Samuel Lichtenfeld, was a wrestler, acrobat in a circus and, later, chief inspector of a police investigation department. From an early age he showed himself to be a versatile person and, thanks to his father, Imi became passionate about circus art (at 13 he joined a traveling circus), swimming and fighting sports, practicing boxing and wrestling, where he obtained remarkable results (in 1928 he won the youth wrestling championship in Czechoslovakia and in 1929 he was national wrestling champion in the senior category and international boxing champion). He also practiced acrobatic gymnastics, martial arts such as Judo and Jujitsu and participated in various theatrical performances, devoting himself to dramatic art.
In the 1930s, Nazi persecutions against the Jewish population of Bratislava raged rapidly and Lichtenfeld, along with other fighters from his ethnic background, engaged in confronting the attackers. It was this experience that made Imi understand that street fighting is a very different situation from sports confrontation and, based on the practice in these circumstances, he began to develop his own fighting system, suitable for facing the dangers of everyday life. Imi, following the Nazi occupation in Czechoslovakia, was forced to flee together with other men in Palestine in 1940, after a very troubled journey (he risked losing his life to save some people who fell from the boat and it was then destroyed by strong drafts while heading to Crete).
In Palestine, Lichtenfeld began teaching his method to the wards of the Haganah and the Palmach. After the inception of the state of Israel in 1948, he became chief instructor for physical training of the Israel Defense Forces. Precisely in this period, Lichtenfeld, thanks to his wrestling experiences gained both in sports competitions and on the street, introduced an effective system and, at the same time, to be learned in a short time: Krav Maga.
After retiring from military service in 1964, Imi began to adapt Krav Maga as a method of self-defense and also extending it to the police and civilians, to people of both sexes and of any age. To spread his discipline, he set up two schools in Tel Aviv and in Netanya, the city where he lived. Over the years, more and more schools of Krav Maga were opened, in order to spread it all over the world. In 1978, Lichtenfeld established I.K.M.A. (Israeli Krav Maga Association), an association for the promotion and dissemination of this method in Israel and in the world. After receiving numerous awards, Imi passed away in Netanya on January 9, 1998.
The programs and regulations of the KRAV MAGA. (The programs and regulations are in Italian language... to be available soon in English language...)
More to know about KRAV MAGA: articles, news, photos, videos...
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN KRAV MAGA AND KAPAP LOTAR Historical differences. Originally Krav Maga was the exclusive melee basic training for the Israeli infantry military, while the Kapap Lotar, more complex and complete, was the exclusive preserve of the Israeli special units. Subsequently, following the imminent need for defense against terrorist attacks, Krav Maga was also taught to Israeli civilians as a method of personal defense. Finally, with the new millennium, Krav Maga, through some Israeli instructors, spread all over the world. As a result, the Kapap Lotar also began to spread out of Israel among civilians around the world through some Israeli Instructors who had been part of the Israeli special departments, although this spread still remains much slower today compared to Krav Maga.
In practice the Krav Maga. In practice, only "street survival" is taught in Krav Maga courses; the focus is not on fighting, as it can be on a combat sport or martial art, but on defending oneself from a possible aggressor and moving away from danger. So the techniques that are taught are mainly defensive apt to drive the attacker away, hitting him in sensitive points such as genitals, eyes, throat, etc. so as to free oneself and run away; this is because, as previously explained. the ultimate goal is only to "bring the skin home". Regarding weapons in Krav Maga only defense against attacks or threats from them are taught (for example: defense against stick attack, threat or knife attack, threat from firearms), but it is not taught as it happens in Kapap Lotar also the use of these weapons (for example: stick-to-stick combat, knife against knife, shooting with firearms)
Imi lichtenfeld - Founder of the Krav Maga
In practice the Kapap Lotar. The Kapap Lotar courses teach both the "street survival" techniques typical of Krav Maga (although many techniques are adapted in the Kapap Lotar and are of greater number), and the basics of more effective combat sports, such as BOXING, Kick Boxing, Thai Boxing, MMA, Free Fight, Grappling, BJJ, Judo, as well as martial arts such as Ju Jitsu, Kyusho Jitsu, Silat and Kali, the latter regarding stick-to-stick combat, and knife against knife. At a more advanced level, you receive training in firearms, Israeli operational shooting and the Israeli CQB (Close Quarter Battle). Up to the Instructor degrees where police operational techniques are also taught, survival in hostile environments (survival) and military and counter-terrorism operational techniques.
Haganah soldiers in the Kapap training, knife fighting